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Glossary of Legal Terms


Home A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Select the first letter of the word from the list above to jump to appropriate section of the glossary.

- U -

 

Unfair labour practice - Actions by the employer which interfere with, restrain, coerce, or threaten employees with respect to their rights.

Uniform Commercial Code (U.C.C.) - A uniform law governing commercial transactions. The U.C.C. has been adopted by all states except Louisiana.

Uniform Laws - Annotated Annotated uniform and model acts approved by the National Conference of Commissioners on Uniform State Laws.

Unilateral contract - An agreement by which one undertakes an express performance without receiving any express promise of performance from the other.

Union - An organization of workers formed for the purpose of collective bargaining.

United States attorney - A federal district attorney appointed by the President to prosecute for all offences committed against the United States; to prosecute or defend for the government all civil actions in which it is concerned and perform all duties of the district to which he/she is assigned.

United States Bankruptcy Court - The judicial body which hears matters pertaining to bankruptcy and reorganization.

United States Court of Appeals - Courts which hear appeals from federal district courts, bankruptcy courts, and tax courts.

United States Court of Claims - Court which hears actions against the U.S. Government.

United States Court of Military Appeals - Court which hears appeals from court marshal decisions .

United States Court of Customs & Patent Appeals - Court which hears appeals from all U.S. customs courts.

United States Court of International Trade - Court which hears cases concerning federal tariff laws.

United States District Courts - Courts which try both criminal and civil actions and admiralty cases.

United States Magistrate Judge - Courts given authority by 28 U.S.C. s 636. This court hears all preliminary criminal matters, but does not conduct felony trials, and any pre-trial civil matters referred by the district court. If all parties consent, criminal misdemeanour and civil trials can be heard by this court.

United States Marshal's Service - Agency which serves civil and criminal process in federal courts.

United States Postal Service - The federal office which provides mail delivery to individuals and businesses within the United States.

United States Reports - Publication of court decisions of the United States Supreme Court.

United States Supreme Court - The highest court in the land, established by U.S. Constitution.

Unlawful detainer - A detention of real estate without the consent of the owner or other person entitled to its possession.

Unliquidated debt - Remaining not determined; unassessed or unsettled; in dispute as to the proper amount.

Unsecured debts -- In bankruptcy, debts such as open accounts at department stores for which the debtor has not pledged collateral to guarantee payment.

Urban - A city or town.

Usury - Extraction of interest on a loan above the maximum rate permitted by statute.

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 - V -

Vacate - To set aside.

Venire - A writ summoning persons to court to act as jurors. (See venire facias in Foreign Words Glossary.)

Venue - Authority of a court to hear a matter based on geographical location.

Verdict - A conclusion, as to fact or law, that forms the basis for the court's judgment. (See directed verdict.)

Veterans' Administration (VA) - The federal agency which administers a system of benefits for veterans and their dependents.

Visa - An official endorsement on a document or passport denoting that the bearer may proceed.

Void - Invalid; a void agreement is one for which there is no remedy.

Voidable - Capable of being declared invalid; a voidable contract is one where a person may avoid his obligation, as a contract between an adult and a minor.

Voir dire - The preliminary examination made in court of a witness or juror to determine his competency or interest in a matter. Literally, to speak the truth.

Voluntary bankruptcy - A proceeding by which a debtor voluntarily asks for a discharge of his debts under the Bankruptcy Code.

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